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CONTENTS.

 

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[The numbers refer to paragraphs and not to pages.]

ARTICLE I.

ARMY ORGANIZATION.

1. Army corps; 2. Infantry - Proportion of infantry to the other arms - Distinction between heavy and light troops - The musket - Uses and formation of infantry of the line; 3. Light infantry and riflemen - The rifle and sword-bayonet - Duties, and mode of formation of light troops; 4. Cavalry - Its rank, and the proportion it should bear to the infantry - Distinguishing qualities and uses; 5. Artillery and its rank - Proportion to other arms - Light and heavy artillery - Distinction between mounted and horse artillery - Uses of artillery; 6. Engineer troops.

ORGANIZATION OF INFANTRY.

7. The company and its officers - The Platoon - Formation of the company; Comrades in battle; 8. Posts of officers, etc.; 9. The regiment - Its officers; 10. Posts of the field and staff of the regiment; 11. Pioneers, field music, and band; 12. Color guard; 13. General guides and markers; 14. Battalion in column; 15. Posts of officers in column; 16. Brigades and divisions - Posts of general officers in line and in column.

ORGANIZATION OF CAVALRY.

17. The company - Posts of officers, etc.; 18. The squadron - Posts of officers and file-closers; 19. The regiment in line - Posts of the field and staff, etc.; 20. The regiment in column by twos and fours; 21. In column of platoons; 22. In column by division; 23. Order in close column of squadron, cavalry brigades, and divisions.

ORGANIZATION OF FIELD ARTILLERY

25. Batteries - Guns and howitzers - Relative proportions of these - Caissons; 26. Complement of officers and men necessary to man the battery; 27. The order in line; 28. The order in column; 29. The order in battery; 30. Two or more batteries united; 31. The position of artillery.

THE STAFF.

32. The different departments of the staff; 33. Adjutant-general's department; 34. The inspector-general's department; 35. The quartermaster's department; 36. The commissary department; 37. The engineer department; 38. The ordnance department; 39. The pay department; 40. The medical department.

ARTICLE II.

ARMS AND AMMUNITION.

41. Small arms now in use; 42. The smooth bore musket; 43. The rifled musket - The cylindro-conical baIl; 44. The "altered musket"; 45. The rifle (Minie); 46. Rifled carbines, and breech-loading rifles; 47. Pistols, and pistol-carbines; 48. Sabres; 49. Artillery - Guns - Howitzers - Mortars - The different calibres of each in use; 50. Field guns - Siege and garrison guns - Sea-coast guns; 51. Howitzers - Field - Mountain - Siege and garrison - Sea-coast; 52. Field howitzers; 53. Mortars; 54. Trunnions; 55. Field gun carriages; 56. Caissons; 57, 58. Cartridges for small arms, and how to prepare them; 59. Ball, and ball and buck-shot cartridges; 60. To fill cartridges; 61, 62. Cartridges for elongated projectiles; 63. How to use them; 64. Cartridges for artillery - Fixed ammunition; 65. Dimensions, and how made; 66. The charges of powder; 67, 68. Sabots; 69. Canister shot, and how prepared; 70. To attach the cartridge to the projectile; 71, 72. Cartridge blocks and paper caps; 73, 74. Shells and their charges: 75. Spherical-case shot; 76. To load spherical-case; 77. The fuse; 78, 79. The Bormann fuse, and how to use it; 80. Priming and friction tubes; 81. Port-fires, and their uses.

ARTICLE III.

SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER.

82. General directions; 83. Position of soldier; 84-86. The facings; 87. Balance step - Direct step; 88-92. Common time - Quick time - Double quick step - Double quick time; 93. General directions for manual; 94-141. Manual for the musket; 142-190. Manual for the rifle; 191-196. The firings; 197. Bayonet exercise; 198. Salute with the sword or sabre; 199. Color Salute; 200-203. The alignments; 204. To march to front; 205. The oblique; 206, 207. The double quick and the about; 208-210. To march by a flank; 211-215. Wheeling and turning.

ARTICLE IV.

SCHOOL OF THE COMPANY

216. To form the company; 217. To open and close ranks; 218-221. The alignments; 222-224. To stack arms; 225-230. The firings; 231-236. To advance in line - The oblique - Mark time - March in retreat - The about; 237-239. To march by flank; 240. On right by file into line; 241. Marching by the flank to form company or platoons; 242-245. Breaking into, and the march of a column of platoons; 246-248. To form a column of platoons into line to the left or right; 249, 250. A company marching in line, to break into column of platoons, and to re-form company; 251. In column of platoons, to break files to the rear; 252-255. The route step; 256. The countermarch; 257. In column of platoons, to form line on the right; 258-261. To form from two to four ranks, and reciprocally; 262. General directions for skirmishers; 263. Deployments; 264. To deploy forward; 265. To deploy by a flank; 266. To deploy on the centre; 267, 268. To extend and close intervals; 269. To relieve a company deployed as skirmishers; 270-273. The advance, retreat, changes of directions, etc.; 274-276. The firings; 277-282. The rally; 283. The assembly.

ARTICLE V.

TARGET PRACTICE.

284-296. The various rules for securing accuracy of aim and skill in the use of small arms.

ARTICLE VI.

SCHOOL OF THE BATTALION.

297. To form the regiment or battalion; 298. To open and close ranks; 299. The firings; 300. To break to the right into column; 301, 302. To break to the right and rear into column; 303-305. To form close column; 306-308. The march in column at full distance; 309-312. To close the column to half distance, or in mass; 313, 314. In column at half distance, or closed in mass, to take distances; 315-317. In column closed in mass, to change direction; 318-320 . In column by company, to form divisions; 321. The countermarch; 322. Manner of determining the line of battle; 323-325. A column at full distance formed into line of battle to the left or right; 327. Successive formations; 328. On the right into line; 329, 330. Column at full distance forward into line; 331, 332. Into line faced to the rear; 333-335. Formation of the line of battle by two movements; 336-339. Different modes of passing from a column at half distance into line of battle; 340-343. Deployments of columns closed in mass; 344-347. The advance and retreat in line of battle, and the movements incident thereto; 348-350. The passage of obstacles; 351. To pass a defile in retreat; 352, 353. To march by a flank; 354. To form the battalion on the right or left, by file, into line; 355-357. Changes of front; 358, 359. To form the battalion into double column; 360-363. The deployment of the double column; 364-379. Dispositions against cavalry, or the formation of squares; 380. To deploy the battalion as skirmishers; 381. The rally.

ARTICLE VII.

SCHOOL OF THE TROOPER.

382-384. Directions for, and position of trooper before mounting; 385. To mount; 386. Position of trooper mounted; 387-389. The use of the arms and legs; 390. To march; 391. To turn to the right or left; 392. To the right or left about: 393. To make a quarter-turn to the right or left; 394. To rein back; 395. To dismount; 396. To file off; 397-429. Exercises in the riding-house in single and in double ranks; 430-432. Principles of the gallop; 433-438. The wheelings in single and double ranks, and on fixed and movable pivots; 439-461. Sabre exercise; 462-466. Manual of carbine or breech-loading rifle for horsemen; 467-469. Manual for Colt's revolvers.

ARTICLE VIII.

SCHOOL OF THE TROOP

470, 471. General directions - Mounting and forming ranks; 472-476. The alignments; 477. To open and close ranks; 478. To rein back; 479, 480. To break the troop by file, and the direct march in file; 481. The oblique march; 482-484. The troop marching in column, by file, to form it into line to the front, to the left, or on the right; 485-487. To break the troop by twos and by fours, and the direct and oblique march; 488-490. The troop marching in column by twos or by fours, to form it to the front, to the left, or on the right into line; 491. To break the troop by the left; 492. To break by twos and fours at the trot, and at the gallop; 493, 494. To form the troop to the left into one rank, and to the right into two ranks; 495-499. To form twos and fours at the same gait, and to break by twos and by fours at the same gait; 500-504. To form twos and fours in doubling the gait, and to break by twos and fours in doubling the gait; 505, 506. Sabre exercise; 507, 508. Direct march of the troop in line; 509. The countermarch; 510-512. The troop being in line, to form it into column with distance, and the march of this column; 513. The oblique march in column; 514-52l. In column, to break by fours, by twos, and by file, and to form twos, fours, and platoons at the same gait; 522-527. The same movements in doubling the gait; 528-529. The about in column, and the halt; 530-532. To form line to left, and right; 533, 534. To form line on the right, and on the left; 535. To form front into line; 536, 537. The formation of lines faced to the rear; 538-542. Movements by fours, the troop being in column with distance; 543-547. The changes of direction of a troop marching in line; 548. Movement by fours, the troop in line; 549. The troop marching in line, to break it by platoons to the right, and to re-form it; 550, 551. The troop marching in line, to break it to the front by platoons, and to re-form it; 552-557. The charge; 558. Rallying; 559. Skirmishing.

ARTICLE IX.

SCHOOL OF THE SQUADRON.

560, 561. The movements of the squadron; 562. Successive alignments of platoons in the squadron; 563, 564. To break from the right to march to the left; 565. To break by platoons to the right, and to advance; 566. To form line to the front by inversion; 567. Break to the right by platoons, head of column to the left or half left; 568. To form line faced to the rear by inversion, on the rear of the column; 569. By platoons to the right head of column to the right, or half right; 570. To form line face to the rear, by inversion, on the head of column; 571. The oblique; 572. The oblique by platoons; 573. By fours about, and to face to the front again; 574. The about by platoons; 575. To break the squadron to the front by platoon, and to re-form it; 576, 577. The passage of obstacles; 578-581. Skirmishing; 582-587. The column by division.

ARTICLE X.

EVOLUTIONS OF THE REGIMENT.

588 . Positions of the guides in column; 589, 590. The alignments; 591. To break the regiment by fours; 592, 593. Form platoons, and to break the platoons by fours; 594, 595. The same movements in doubling the gait; 596-598. To form the regiment to the front, to the left, and upon the right into line; 599. To form the regiment into column with distance; 600, 601. To break from the right, to march to the left; 602-605. To form the regiment into close column; 606, 607. The march, and change of direction in column; 608. Platoons left about wheel; 609, 610. By fours to the right, and right or left about; 611. The oblique; 612-620. Various methods of forming a regiment into line of battle; 621, 622. The deployments of a close column; 623. The march in line; 624. The regiment marching in line to oblique by platoons; 625. To gain ground to the right; 626. To march in retreat; 627, 628. The changes of front of the line; 629, 630. The passage of defiles; 631, 632. The charge.

ARTICLE XI.

LIGHT ARTILLERY TACTICS.

633-635. Manner of forming the gun detachments, and posting the cannoneers; 636-643. Loading and firing the piece; 644, 645. Moving the piece by hand; 646, 647. Changing posts and equipments; 648-650. Limbering; 651. Posts of cannoneers, the piece limbered; 652-656. To form the detachments, their posts, and changing posts; 657. Moving the piece by hand, when limbered; 658-660. Unlimbered and coming into action; 661. Movements with the prolonge; 662. Service of the gun with diminished numbers; 663. Supply of ammunition when in action; 664-666. Pointing and ranges; 667. Composition of the battery - The officers and men necessary to man it; 668. Posts of officers, etc.; 669. Manning the battery; 670, 671. To mount and dismount the cannoneers; 672-684. To unpack, and to perform various movements in column; 685-687. Various ways of passing from the order in column to the order in line; 688-695. To pass from the order in line to the order in column; 696, 697. To form the double column into line; 698-700. To advance, to change direction in line, and to halt; 701-717. Formations in battery; 718. To pass from the order in battery to the order in column; 719-723. The firings; 724-727. The changes of front in battery; 728-729. The passage of defiles.

ARTICLE XII.

730. Honors paid by troops to the President, Governor, General-in-chief, Major-General, Brigadier-General, etc., Members of the Cabinet, etc., Foreign Ministers, Officers, etc.; 731. Compliments paid by guards - Compliments paid by officers and soldiers to their superiors; 732. Artillery salutes; 733. Escorts of honor, how formed and conducted; 734. Funeral honors - the escort for various grades, the manner of conducting the march, etc.; 735, 736. Manner of inspecting infantry and cavalry; 737-741. Forms of parade - Dress parade - Review of infantry - Review of cavalry - Review of artillery; 742. Guard mounting - Relieving sentinels and guards; 743. Method of escorting and receiving the color of an infantry regiment; 744. Method of escorting and receiving the standard of a cavalry regiment; 745. Method of receiving One body of troops by another; 746. Manner in which orders should be written and communicated; 747. The manner of conducting musters of the troops; 748. The roster, or details for service, how made; 749. Sentinels are relieved, how often - The countersign and parole - Duties of officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates of guards - Manner of challenging - Receiving the "grand rounds," etc., etc.; 750. General arrangement of the guards of a camp or position; 751. The different kinds of guards - Police guards - Pickets - Grand guards - Outposts - Patrols; 752. Strength and duuties of the police guard - Duties of the regimental officer of the day; 753. Strength and duties of the pickets; 754-757. Strength and duties of the grand guards and Outposts - Manner of posting them, etc., etc.

ARTICLE XIII.

DUTIES OF CAPTAINS - COMPANIES - DUTIES IN CAMP AND
GARRISONS, ETC.

758. Responsibility of captains; 759. Manner of issuing arms to volunteer companies; 760. The uniform and equipment of volunteers and militia - The knapsack - Haversack - Bedsack - Blankets, etc.; 761. Tents - The Sibley tent - The shelter tent - Tent knapsack - Half-faced camp; 762. The "kit," or necessary equipment for the field; 763. Interior police of companies - Method of keeping the arms, etc., in order - The ration, how cooked and served; 764, 765. Duties in camp and garrison - The reveille - Breakfast call - Troop - Surgeon's call - Dinner call - Retreat - Tattoo - Stable call - Drummer's call; 765. Daily duties - General officers of the day - Field officers of the day - Regimental officers of the day - Their duties; 766. Camp of infantry; 767. Camp of cavalry; 768. Camp of artillery; 769. Bivouacs; 770. Cantonments; 771. Preliminaries for the march - The general - Long roll - Directions for the conduct of the march; 772. The camping party - Going into camp - Details for duty.

ARTICLE XIV.

THE STAFF.

773-778. Duties of the adjutant-general's department - Adjutant-generals and assistant adjutant-generals - Morning reports of brigades and divisions - Orders, how distributed - The parole and countersign, how issued and to whom sent - Manner of folding the Countersign - Brigade and division inspectors - Adjutants of regiments - Morning report of regiment; 779-785. Quartermaster's department - Quarters, and the allowance of - Transportation - The forage ration - Stationery - Camp and garrison equipage - Depot, quartermasters, etc.; 786-789. Subsistence department - The ration - Provision returns - Issues; 790, 791. The medical department - Surgeon's call, and morning sick report; 792. The pay department.

ARTICLE XV.

BATTLES.

793. The different kinds of battles; 794. When a defensive battle should be given; 795. Conditions to be satisfied in a defensive position; 796. Offensive battles; 797. The meeting of two armies; 798, 799. The different orders of battle; 800-808. The infantry - The defence - Attack - Pursuit - Retreat - Means of prolonging the engagement - Defence against cavalry - Against artillery - Attack on artillery; 809-812. The position of cavalry - The defence - Its attack upon infantry - Upon artillery; 813-815. Position of artillery - Defence - Attack.

ARTICLE XVI.

COURTS MARTIAL.

816. Courts martial defined; 817. What officers eligible as members; 818. Kinds and powers of courts martial; 819. Who may assemble general courts martial, and manner of assembling them; 820. Number of officer's necessary to compose a court; 821. Revision of the proceedings, etc.; 822. Regimental and garrison courts; how convened, etc.; 823-828. The trial - Challenges - The oath of the members, and of the judge advocate - The plea of the prisoner - The examination of the witnesses - The defence; 829-831. The findings; 832-834. The sentence; 835, 836. Duties of the judge advocate; 837. Form of order convening a court; 838. Form of proceedings.


APPENDIX

THE ARTICLES OF WAR

 

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